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Accosiation between dietary factors and mortality from heart disease, stroke, and 2 diabetes

24.03.2017

Suboptimal dietary habits influence many risks for cardiometabolic health. Cardiometabolic syndrome is considered as metabolic disorder, which is associated with increased risk for coronary artery disease, stroke and diabetes, and mortality.

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Postprandial glucose, insulin, and free fatty acid response to sucrose consumed with blackcurrants a

13.03.2017

Berries and berry products are essential source of polyphenols, such as anthocyanins, ellagitannins and proanthocyanidins, in the Nordic diet. Berries contain only limited amount of available carbohydrates (mainly glucose and fructose), and they have a very low glycemic effect. However, berries are often consumed with added sugar. Sugar masks the acidic taste of many berries and increase their consumption, but on the other hand, may decrease the health benefits of the berries.

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The fiber and/or polyphenols present in lingonberries null the glycemic effect of the sugars present

28.02.2017



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Flavonoid-rich diet affects positively the body composition of women

23.02.2017

Flavonoids are a diverse range of polyphenolic compounds that are present in plant-based foods such as fruits, vegetables, coffee, tea, chocolate and wine. In this study, dietary flavonoids were divided into six subclasses, and their effects on the body composition of women were investigated.

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Crowberry flavonoids and their health promoting activity

09.01.2017

Recently, the attention of researchers has been focused on lesser-known and underutilized species of edible berries, such as crowberry, lingonberry and rowanberry. Wild berry species often display higher antioxidant activity and have higher concentrations of phenolic compounds in comparison with cultivated berries. Crowberry (Empetrum nigrum) has one of the highest content of antioxidants.

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Bilberries have beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk reduction

23.12.2016

Bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus) are recognized as a good source of anthocyanins, chlorogenic acid, flavonoids, alpha-linolenic acid, pterostilbene, and vitamins. Recent studies have shown the benefit of consuming bilberries to prevent chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and anti-inflammation.

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Evaluation of bilberry and cowberry yield models

31.10.2016

Forest owners and stakeholders need increased amounts of information about forests to support decision making. Besides timber, many forest owners also value forest products and services such as berries, mushrooms, biodiversity, recreation and carbon sequestration. Nowadays forest planning can consider simultaneously several forest products and services. This kind of forest planning requires numerical models to predict the development of different ecosystem services, such as berry yields.

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Cloudberry reduces tumor growth and cancer cell motility

10.10.2016

Colorectal cancers are leading causes of cancer-related deaths in Western societies. New methods to prevent and treat colorectal cancer are therefore required. Berries contain anti-carcinogenic compounds and provide protection against colon tumorigenesis in experimental animal models. However, the mechanistic basis for their effects is not well understood.

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Higher intakes of anthocyanins and flavanones are associated with a lower risk of myocardial infarct

07.09.2016

Earlier studies have shown that dietary fruit and berry intake may reduce cardiovascular disease risk. However, more studies are needed to find out that which fruits and berries are most beneficial, and which key constituents are responsible for the health benefits. Recent studies have suggested beneficial effects of higher intakes of specific fruits, including blueberries and grapes, for reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, flavonoids seem to be improving endothelian function, blood pressure and insulin sensitivity. Therefore, flavonoids might be key constituents of fruits and berries that decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease. Most of the studies that have examined the associations between flavonoids and cardiovascular disease have focused on women. Thus, this study was concentrating on men.

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Flavonoid intakes linked to lower depression risk for women

18.08.2016

Depression is globally a major cause of disability. Although many patients respond favourably to treatment, residual symptoms and dysfunction from depression are common, especially among older adults. Therefore, scientists are looking for effective depression prevention strategies.

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Association between an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant dietary pattern and diabetes

07.08.2016

Inflammation and oxidative stress play a central role in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. However, little is known of how various dietary components interact to influence this inflammatory and anti-oxidant process and the development of diabetes. Most of the studies have focused on assessing individual nutrients or foods in relation to diabetes risk, while it would be important to study the relationship between dietary patterns and diabetes. This study investigated the association between an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant dietary pattern and diabetes.

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Quercetin in berries reduces blood pressure

01.08.2016

Quercetin is a flavonol that is classified as an antioxidant and has natural antihistamine properties. Many wild berries, such as bog whortleberry, cranberry and sea buckthorn berry, contain high amounts of quercetin.

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Protective effect of sea buckthorn against visible light-induced retinal degeneration

30.06.2016

Retina is the light-sensitive, inner layer of the eye. The retina is particularly susceptible to surrounding light injury and is thus a primary target of photooxidative damage in the eye. Several studies have suggested that photooxidative damage contributes to the onset and the progression of age-related macular degeneration, which is the leading cause of visual impairment in elderly patients.

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European consumers favour fruits, berries and vegetables as healthy food

28.06.2016

The new research, carried out in 2015, explored the attitudes of consumers towards healthy eating. More than 2 500 adults were interviewed in France, Germany, Italy, Sweden and the United Kingdom (UK).

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Ellagitannins in cancer chemoprevention

09.06.2016

Cancer still represents the second leading cause of death, after heart diseases. It is estimated that in the next 15 years the number of new cancer cases will increase by 70%. Therefore, new innovative preventive and therapeutic strategies to contrast cancer-associated mortality are needed.

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Impact of cranberries on gut microbiota and cardiometabolic health

Source: Blumberg, J., Basu, A., Krueger, C., Lila, M., Neto, C., Novotny, J., Reed, J., Rodriguez-Mateos, A. & Toner, C. (2016): Impact of cranberries on gut microbiota and cardiometabolic health: proceedings of the cranberry health research conference 2015. Advances in Nutrition 2016;7(Suppl): 759S–70S; doi: 10.3945/an.116.012583.

25.07.2016

Cranberry is so much more than just a tart and tangy fruit! New review article summarises the advances in the cranberry field during the last five years with regard to the gut microbiota and cardiometabolic health.

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Cranberry flavonoids block bacterial adhesion

Source: Gupta, P., Song, B., Neto, C. & Camesano, T. (2016): Atomic force microscopy-guided fractionation reveals the influence of cranberry phytochemicals on adhesion of Escherichia coli. The Royal Society of Chemistry Journal Food & Function 7: 2655–2666.

25.07.2016

American scientists have revealed new impacts of cranberry juice on bacterial infections. The results open up new, interesting possibilities for antibiotic drug development.

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